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Preschool age


The preschool age, typically ranging from three to six years, marks a significant phase in a child's development, encompassing psychological, social, and physical changes.

Motor abilities and skills play a vital role in the overall growth and development of a child, impacting physical fitness, preferences for physical activities, participation in group activities, perception, speech, drawing, and later on, writing.

During this period, children are highly active and enjoy moving, which actively contributes to the development of sensory and emotional perception.

Furthermore, preschoolers become more involved in society, with many starting kindergarten. The development of innate qualities, combined with acquired experiences, contributes to mental development, including speech, concentration, memory, and understanding.

Physically, children experience noticeable changes in body constitution, including significant growth (5-10 cm per year) and a slowdown in weight gain (only 2-3 kg per year). Motor development also progresses, with improvements in movement coordination and fine motor skills related to the ossification of wrist bones.

Image by Rachel Forrez

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PhDr. Marja Volemanová, PhD.

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